Showing posts with label webinar. Show all posts
Showing posts with label webinar. Show all posts

Friday 23 April 2021

Cultural Studies: Retellings of Shakespeare's Plays


Video Recording of the Online Talk on 'Cultural Studies: Retellings of Shakespeare's Plays


Title: "Universal Shakespeare | Cultural Studies: Retellings of Shakespeare's Plays | April 22, 2021"

This event was broadcasted on our Facebook page. In case you couldn't join or got disconnected, students can still access it through our Facebook page, where the link has been shared. Thank you. Shall I begin now? Yes, okay. Thank you, Puja madam.

Today, we find ourselves in an intriguing situation on April 23rd, which is celebrated as English Language Day and International Book and Copyright Day. The esteemed Jamnagar DKV College, a government institution, has organized this event, providing us with a unique opportunity to delve into the world of William Shakespeare.

However, it's essential to acknowledge the challenging circumstances surrounding us. We are in the midst of the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, which is spreading rapidly across India. Every day, we read about the rising death toll, increasing hospitalizations, and the heartbreaking stories of countless individuals affected by this crisis. This unprecedented health crisis has gripped our nation and the world, preoccupying our minds with tragedy.

During these trying times, concentrating on our studies, fostering innovation in our thinking, teaching, and work has become exceptionally challenging. The suffering caused by the pandemic has affected our friends, family, relatives, and neighbors, further adding to our collective distress.

I had initially intended to create an engaging PowerPoint presentation with graphics and images. However, as I attempted to prepare it over the past two days, my mind was constantly occupied by the current events, the concerns of our community, and the world at large. It seems that our thoughts have expanded beyond boundaries, transcending the limitations of our immediate surroundings.

William Shakespeare, a renowned figure in the world of literature, often faces criticism due to his association with a powerful colonial identity. However, it is crucial to shift our focus from the poet himself to his literary works, which have continued to inspire people worldwide. Shakespeare's works are not confined by colonial labels; they are universal.

Cultural studies have played a pivotal role in reshaping the academic perspective on popular culture and everyday life. Emerging from movements like feminism, Marxism, and post-structuralism, cultural studies have challenged the traditional snobbery associated with popular culture in academia.

William Shakespeare's works have been translated into numerous languages and adapted in various forms, from books to stage performances. It is the works themselves, rather than the author's identity, that continue to captivate and influence people globally.

In this digital age, the world has become interconnected, transcending geographical boundaries. However, this globalization also brings with it challenges related to cultural sensitivity and censorship, especially in the world of cinema and literature.

Shakespeare's iconic play, "Hamlet," is characterized by the ghost of the father urging his son to seek revenge. While Hamlet's actions may seem cruel, they are driven by a desire for justice rather than villainy. The play explores complex themes of power, betrayal, and vengeance.

In Tom Stoppard's adaptation, "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead," the marginalized characters from Shakespeare's "Hamlet" take center stage. This reinterpretation highlights the forces beyond our control that shape our destinies, an apt reflection of the current global situation.

While the pandemic has brought about economic hardships for many, there are those who have seen their fortunes rise significantly, raising questions about wealth disparities. Tom Stoppard's retelling of "Hamlet" in the context of our pandemic era offers a thought-provoking perspective on these issues.

Shakespeare's "Macbeth" is a fast-paced, action-packed tragedy that has found enduring appeal on both stage and screen. Its exploration of ambition, power, and the consequences of one's choices makes it a favorite for filmmakers.

In a modern reinterpretation of "Macbeth," the role of Lady Macbeth takes on a new dimension as she becomes the driving force behind her husband's actions. This portrayal challenges traditional gender roles and raises questions about empowerment and morality.

In a unique twist, the witches in "Macbeth" are transformed into police constables who engage in encounters with others. This adaptation raises questions about the role of law enforcement in society and the power they wield.

The age of information and social media has given rise to the phenomenon of "WhatsApp University," where individuals propagate misinformation and half-truths. This post-truth era poses significant challenges for leaders and society as a whole.

As we navigate through these tumultuous times, Shakespeare's tragedies, such as "Julius Caesar" and "Othello," continue to resonate, prompting us to reflect on the intersections between literature and politics.

Literary forms have evolved over time, from dramas to novels and now to web series and cinema. It is essential to prioritize textual reading when introducing students to literary works, followed by exploring contemporary perspectives.

Democracy has replaced monarchy in today's world, emphasizing the importance of secularism in public spaces. Literature should not be confined by religious boundaries, and public spaces should be inclusive and secular.

In conclusion, we appreciate your time and participation in this session. We look forward to future discussions on cultural studies and related topics. Thank you once again. Goodbye, everyone.

Please note that the transcript has been restructured and expanded for clarity and coherence.

Monday 6 July 2020

Making Sense of Online Teaching: Engaging Students Online and Offline

One Week Faculty Development Programme: 6 to 11 July 2020

Organised by Sathyabhama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India and SKITI Malang, Indonesia

In one week Faculty Development Programme, delivered talk on 'Making Sense of Online Teaching - Engaging Students Online and Offline'. The FDP is jointly organised by Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil-Nadu and and Sekolah Tinggi Informatika dan Komputer Indonesia (SKITI) - Indonesian College of Informatics and Computers. 6th July 2020.

The Presentation

Monday 11 May 2020

Understanding Online Teaching

Live Interaction on 'Understanding Online Teaching'

Questions by Interviewers:

1.    How do you see online teaching in the time of covid19 / corona virus pandemic?
a.    Poll (for audience): Will covid19 make online education an integral part of traditional education system? (White Baord)
                                          i.    Yes, it will.
                                         ii.    No, it is just a phase. We will come back to our traditional as soon as it is over.
b.    Poll: Will covid19 prove to be the last nail in the coffin in which teacher will be buried forever and technology will take over / replace teacher? (the only source of information; the fountain head, sage on the stage – crowd sourcing, rivulets flowing, guide by the side/in the pocket/
                                          i.    No, it is just a phase. We will come back to our traditional as soon as it is over.
                                         ii.    Yes, those who are adamant to adopt to technology will be buried and replaced by technology
                                        iii.    Yes and No. Teacher as a human intervention will remain but the role of the teacher will no longer remain as it was. Sage on the stage vs Guide by the Side (virtually)
2.    As you said that the critics of online education have also emerged. On what grounds are they making critique of online education?
a.    Do you agree with the critics of the online teaching in this epidemic?
                                          i.    Yes. I like the idea of ‘Maslow before Bloom’.
                                         ii.    No. It is good opportunity and it shall be grabbed.
3.    What according to you shall be the ‘model’ for ‘Online Teaching’? And what is the importance of ‘digital platform’ in this model?
a.    Do you agree that most of the teachers do not have a ‘model’ in the mind for online teaching?
                                          i.    No. They have a model.
                                         ii.    Yes. They do not have model of online teaching and they are just replicating traditional f2f on zoom platform
4.    In a recent TV debate, Anant Agarwal, CEO, edX, Jeff Maggioncalda, CEO, Coursera and Prin. Rekha Krishna, Vasant Valley School – there were some hope as well as apprehensions. What’s your opinion about this debate? (kids – let them play – grown-up, study – in blended mode – core knowledge vs skills) (Show in whiteboard)
a.    Do you agree that we should have separate ‘online education policies’ for schools and colleges?
                                          i.    Yes
                                         ii.    No
5.    You talked about ‘Model’ and ‘Platform’. How about the role of ‘teacher’ in ‘Online Teaching’? Isn’t teacher becoming more of a ‘material developer’? If so, how are teachers going to groom themselves into this new role and new demands?
a.    Do you agree that the teachers shall be more of ‘constructivist’ rather than ‘behaviouristic’ in online education system?
                                          i.    No. I think it is okay to be behaviouristic even in online teaching
                                         ii.    Yes. I think this is very important. Maybe we are failing because this difference in not understood properly.
6.    You mentioned ‘instructional design’. May you please throw more light on it?
a.    Is it necessary to understand ‘instructional design models’ to prepare better modules for online teaching?
                                          i.    No.
                                         ii.    Yes. This will improve the quality and effectiveness of online teaching.
7.    I have read some articles on ERT. what is ERT?
a.    Do you think that most of us are doing online is ERT rather than well-planned online teaching?
                                          i.    No.         ii. Yes.

Watch live interaction

The Presentation

Understanding Online Teaching from Dilip Barad

Some parts of this discussion was shared on Facebook:

#OnlineTeaching #बहस #ચર્ચા #debate #Corona #Covid19
कोरोना महामारी के मंथन नें एक ओर बहस को छिड़ दिया है।
Technology for teaching.
जो लोग अब तक शैक्षणिक कार्य मे खास करके पढ़ाने (teaching) के कार्य मे technology को दूर से ही सलाम कर देते थे और इंगिनत बहाने बनाते थे उनमे से बहुत सारे अब डिजिटल प्लेटफार्म पर परफॉर्म करने लगे है।
बहुत सारे शिक्षक और विद्यार्थी खुश नही है। दिक्कते बहुत आती है। अभी ठीक से एडजस्ट नही हो पा रहे। टेक्नोलॉजी को अडॉप्ट करने में वक्त लगता है।
इस महामारी में शैक्षणिक संस्थाओं और शिक्षकों एवं विद्यार्थियों ने आपातकालीन रूप में अभी पढ़ना-पढ़ाना शूरु कर दिया है।
बहुत सारो के लिए यह पहला कदम है।
जो लोग टेक्नोलॉजी को पढ़ाई का अभिन्न अंग बनाना चाहते थे उनलोगों के लिए तो जैसे स्वर्णयुग के प्रवेशद्वार पे खड़े होने की ख़ुशी हो रही होंगी।
खैर, हम वापिस उस डिबेट पे आते है। क्या टेक्नोलॉजी टीचर को रिप्लेस कर पाएगी? एक महत्व का मुद्दा शिक्षकों की फ़ेवर में यह था कि 'पर्सनल टच' से, रूबरू हाज़िर होने से, शिक्षक एक अतिमहत्व का रोल अदा कर शकते है। पर अब जब सब शिक्षकों 'देह से दूरी' - physical distancing - social distancing को फॉलो करते हुए डिजिटल प्लेटफॉर्म से पढ़ाते है तब वो टूटने लगता है।
फिर भी हम सोच सकते है कि पोस्ट-कोरोना काल मे टेक्नोलॉजी किस तरह से एजुकेशन सिस्टम में बदलाव ला सकती है।
कमेंट में जो लिंक दी गयी है उसकी कमैंट्स पढ़ने जैसी है।

2. #OnlineTeaching #बहस #ચર્ચા #Debate #Corona #Covid19
यह अच्छी बात है कि बहोत सारे स्कूल और कॉलेज / यूनिवर्सिटी के शिक्षकों ने ऑनलाइन टीचिंग शुरू कर दिया है।
इसके साथ ही इस प्रवृत्ति के आलोचक भी उभर के आये है।
सबसे बड़ी आलोचना यह है कि बहुत कम शिक्षक पढ़ाने ने सही मायने और उद्देश्य के अनुसार पढ़ाते है। ज़्यादातर social media के लिए पढ़ाते है ऐसा महसूस होता है।
यह आलोचना हमे सोचने पर मजबूर करती है। हम ऐसा कर सकते है कि कुछ चेक लिस्ट तैयार करके रखे। देखें कि इस चेकलिस्ट में हमे कितने पॉइन्ट मिलते है।
क्या सिलेबस पढ़ाना बाकी रह गया है? गुजरात के बहुत सारी कॉलेजेस और स्कूल्स में अभ्यासक्रम पढ़ाना पूरा हो गया था। और इम्तेहान का वक़्त था या रीडिंग टाइम था। इस पॉइंट पे ऑनलाइन टीचिंग की आवश्यकता बहुत कम है। हा, अगर स्टूडेंट्स को 'प्रोब्लेम्स' है तो प्रॉब्लम सॉल्विंग के classes ऑनलाइन लिए जा सकते है।
स्कूल्स में , वर्ग 1 से 8 तक ,जब सब को बिना परीक्षा mass प्रोमोशन से पास कर दिया गया है, तब उनके classes को कोई आवश्यकता नही है। इनके classes को तो सरकार ने बंद ही करवा देने चाहिए। हा, अगर इन बच्चों को , आर्ट, क्राफ्ट, योग, खेलकूद जैसी प्रवृति के ऑनलाइन वर्ग चल रहे है तो ठीक है।
वर्ग 10 या 12 या कंपीटिटिव परीक्षा के वर्ग बेहद जरूर है। यह होने चाहिए।
जो कोई ऑनलाइन पढ़ाता है उनको अपना अनुभव सोशल मीडिया पर शेयर करना चाहिए। स्टूडेंट्स को भी कहना चाहिये कि अनुभव शेयर करे। मैंने बहुत सारे विद्यार्थी ओ को ऑनलाइन टीचिंग से दुखी देखे है। पूरे विश्व मे ऐसा ही है।
सिर्फ सोशल मीडिया के लिए ऑनलाइन पढ़ाना नही है पर जो पढ़ाया है, जो सीखा है वो सोशल मीडिया पर शेयर जरूर करना है।

3. #OnlineTeaching #Platform #How #बहस #ચર્ચા #Debate #Corona #Covid19
जब शैक्षणिक संस्था या शिक्षक ने यह तय कर लिया है कि ऑनलाइन पढ़ाना जरूरी है। इतना समय हम बर्बाद नही कर सकते। यह समय, अगर कोरोना lockdown ना होता तो, हमारे classes फुल टाइम चलते होते। इस समय अगर पढ़ाया नही तो बहुत देर हो जाएगी। स्टूडेंट्स को बहुत बड़ा खामियाजा भुगतना पड़ेगा।
तो . . .
अब प्रश्न आता है ~ कहाँ पर पढ़ाये? कैसे पढ़ाये?
कहाँ' का उत्तर है - डिजिटल प्लेटफार्म।
बहुत लोकप्रिय प्लेटफार्म रहा। लेकिन कोई भी जो ऑनलाइन एजुकेशन से जुड़े है वो कहेंगे कि Zoom प्लेटफार्म काफी नही है।
हम पढ़ाते क्यू है?
हम पढ़ाते इसलिए है कि कुछ कॉन्सेप्ट्स स्टूडेंट्स की समझ मे आये। सिर्फ रूबरू होने से कॉन्सेप्ट्स की समझ नही होती। शिक्षक और विद्यार्थी के रूबरू होने से यह नही होता। क्या होना चाहिए . . . ? यहां हम 'कैसे' का उत्तर भी देखेंगे. . .
पहले विद्यार्थियों को एडवांस में कुछ कॉन्टेंट पढ़ने या देखने या सुनने हेतु शेयर करना आवश्यक है। विद्यार्थी से अपेक्षित है कि ऑनलाइन रूबरू होने से पहले वो कॉन्टेंट पढ़ कर तैयार हो कर आये।
ऑनलाइन सेशन में शिक्षक के साथ चर्चा हो। विद्यार्थी प्रश्नं पूछे, शिक्षक समजाते जाए। अगर कोई पूछता नही तो शिक्षक खुद प्रश्न खड़े करे, विद्यार्थी को मौका दे उत्तर देने का, और फिर समजाये।
ऑनलाइन सेशन के बाद स्टूडेंट्स को ऑनलाइन टेस्ट में appear होना अति आवश्यक होना चाहिए। टेस्ट ऑब्जेक्टिव टाइप होनी चाहिए ताकि रिजल्ट तुरंत मिल जाये, सही उत्तर के साथ।
दूसरे ऑनलाइन सेशन की शुरूआत में शिक्षक इस रिजल्ट की चर्चा करेंगे और फिर आगे बढ़ेंगे।
तो हम देख सकते है कि Zoom या गूगल मीट या और कपि भी वीडियो कॉन्फ्रेंसिंग प्लेटफार्म हमे यह सब कुछ नही देगा।
इसलिए हमें एक ऐसा ऑनलाइन प्लेटफार्म चाहिए जहां पर सब कॉन्टेंट पहले से अपलोड किया गया हो.
अब कॉन्टेंट मतलब क्या?
कॉन्टेंट या डिजिटल कॉन्टेंट केलिए 4 quadrant का स्ट्रक्चर ऐसा हो सकता है:
1. Textual Content (PDF
या PPT में हो सकता है)
2. Vidoe Resources
3. Online MCQ type test / questions for descriptive answers / Points to Ponder / Thinking Activities / Case Studies etc
4. Additional Resources
येह सब कुछ वेबसाइट पे या मोबाइल एप्प में या ब्लॉग पर पहले से उपलब्ध होना चाहिए।
पहले 2 मुद्दे, teacher से ऑनलाइन रूबरू होने से पहले स्टूडेंट्स ने देख लिए है, पढ़ लिए है। अपनी नोट्स और प्रश्न के साथ वो शिक्षक से रूबरू होने को तैयार है।
बाकी के 2 मुद्दे, रूबरू हो जाने के बाद के है।
तो जब हम ऑनलाइन टीचिंग के पूरे सर्कल को देखे तो हमे पता चले कि या तो Moodle जैसा पावरफुल 'लर्निंग मैनेजमेंट सिस्टम' चाहिए या फिर :
वेबसाइट / ब्लॉग / अप्प
2. YouTube
3. Google Quiz Form
जैसे ऑनलाइन टेस्टिंग टूल
कमसे कम तीन प्लेटफार्म चाहिए।
हम देख सकते है कि ऑनलाइन टीचिंग में रूबरू होना 20% ही महत्व का है। 80% लर्निंग महत्व का है।
जब तक हम इस साईकल का नही समजेंगे और हमारे स्टूडेंट्स को नही समाज पाएंगे, तब तक ऑनलाइन एजुकेशन की सफलता अशक्य है।
कोरोना महामारी खत्म होते ही वापिस सब अपने पुराने घोंसले में सुकून फरमाते नज़र आएंगे।
Let us take this epidemic as an opportunity to reform education system. Let us not miss this opportunity. Let us learn a better way to utilize our time and available resources. Let us not mismanage it in such a way that people get an opportunity to say that 'it does not work'.

Rahul Kanwal invites Anant Agarwal, CEO, edX, Jeff Maggioncalda, CEO, Course ra and Prin. Rekha Krishna, Vasant Valley School to discuss online teaching in the time of corona epidemic lockdown.
In this video, as usual, we find school teachers insisting on the importance of face to face classroom over virtual platforms.
Whereas, both executive officers of Coursera and edX were of different opinion.
There is 800 to 1100% rise in course takers on these two popular MOOC platforms.
edX had 1000% rise in traffic from India.
Coursera had 800 rise in traffic from India.
Two important points we can take home from this discussion:
1. Primary schools shall have less of online integration and more of face-2-face classroom environment. For the best of what we expect our children to learn like being social being, learn skills, acquire life skills, learn that livelihood is imp but life is beautiful ~ for these we shall have more classes outside the classroom, because we can learn these wishing four walls of classroom. We need more classes on drawing, sports, dance, music etc.
2. Higher Education shall 
#Blend online along with f2f classes. More and more number of students of colleges and universities shall learn from online platforms.
3. For being lifelong learners, for acquiring skills, for professional development ~ we need to expose our students to the potential of learning from anywhere, anytime . . . the earlier, the better.

5. #OnlineTeaching #Teacher or #MaterialDeveloper #बहस #ચર્ચા #Debate #Corona #Covid19
#Constructivist #Behavioristic #General_Classroom #Technology_Enabled_Learning_Environment
In online teaching, #teacher is no longer a mere teacher. He is more of a material developer and instruction designer (may be without knowing what it is to be so and how is it different from being a teacher... And that's why when rhetorical question is asked about 'will technology replace teacher?' , 
the initial, extempore response is 'blunt denial')
There are fundamental differences in traditional classroom and technology integrated learning environment. One works on the model of #behaviorism as pioneered by Edward Thorndike, devised by John Watson and experimented by B.F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov. The other on the model of #constructivism as pioneered by Jean Piaget and strengthened by perspectives of Lev Vygotsky, Mikhail Bakhtin, Jena Lave and Etienne Wenger.
The constructive design helps Lerner in developing multiple perspectives, engages in knowledge construction and reflective practices, offers open learning environments and supports collaboration.
In this learning environment, the role of 
#teacher, the way we know, gets transferred to one as #Material_Developer. The formative experience of teacher is replaced by collective experiences of material developers; teacher's training experience with that of ideas of models of instructions and teacher properties (personality, attitude etc) with that of technical affordance of the programme (user-friendliness).
(Source: Ken Beaty's Teaching and Researching Computer-Assisted Language Learning.)