JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ELT
A Quarterly Online Journal for Teachers of English
Volume VI Number 3
July - September 2016
ISSN (Onlime): 2231-4431
Impact Factor (2015): 4.310
Prof. and Head, Department of English
Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar (364001) , Gujarat, India.
Phone: 09898272313 / 9427733691
Google Plus: www.plus.google.com/+dilipbarad
ELTAI Membership No. 30009295; IATEFL Member ID:19674
|Figure 1: Use and Integration of Technology|
- Higher Goals of Education
- It’s a university’s job to produce citizens who learn to think for themselves, not just humans who can be programmed to follow someone else’s code.
- Holly Clark
- It is imperative that in 2015, students be able to curate, archive and expand on the work they are producing in class.
- Today’s education must help students authentically learn important digital citizenship lessons.
- Education must help students to internalize the core subject as well as vital digital literacy skills such as creating their own digital web presence and learning to effectively and purposefully share their learning with the world.
- Classify and Reclassify Information
- "The new education must teach the individual how to classify and reclassify information, how to evaluate its veracity, how to change categories when necessary, how to move from the concrete to the abstract and back, how to look at problems from a new direction — how to teach himself." (Herbert Gerjuoy)
Figure 2: UNESCO - Stages of ICT Integration
This report is about the integration of technology at Post Graduate Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar, Gujarat. This is State University established in 1969.
The students of post graduate programme of English literature are involved in this project.
· To fulfill the objectives mentioned in ‘Objectives’.
· Using technology like blog, Google group, slideshare.net, Google sites, digital portfolio, flipped learning is part and parcel of learning at Dept. of English, M K Bhavnagar University
· All students have to publish their assignments on blog and presentations on slideshare.net Why? So that peer learning happens on its own. Slow learners learn from assignments and presentations of fast learners.
· Students prepare Digital Portfolio: Why? The Students are strongly encouraged to build digital portfolio to document the four habits of mind:
· 1. Integrative thinking: The ability and habit to recognize relationships among ideas and experiences that are not routinely thought of as related.
· 2. Reflective thinking: The ability and habit of looking back at previous learning and setting those experiences in a new context created by subsequent learning.
· 3. Thinking in Community: The ability and habit of seeking connections between your learning and the learning of others in the class / community.
· 4. Thinking in context: The ability and habit of seeking connections between what you learned in college and relating those connections to subjects, debate and discussion in the wider world. (Lorenzo and Ittelson)
· Google site is used as web platform for Digital Portfolio. Click on this link to visit Digital Portfolios of the students of various batches. We are working on this since 2010. Or click here: http://dilipbarad.blogspot.in/2012/04/project-blended-learning-2012.html
· Also visit this post for online evaluation rubric of Digital Portfolio which is done as self-evaluation, peer-evaluation and teacher evaluation. http://dilipbarad.blogspot.in/2016/02/digital-portfolio.html
· The use of audio-visual materials in literature classroom is very helpful. An appropriate use must be though-out, otherwise it would fail to fulfill desired objectives. Pedagogically speaking, screening of the films should be followed by student-activities on teacher-worksheet. We used blogs for this purpose. Click here to view some of the teacher worksheet on film screening and read students’ responses / engagement / reactions in the comment section below the post:
· To engage learners with learning, the teacher used blog worksheet to teach literary texts and critical theories. The students were asked to respond on the blog rather than in pen-paper mode. This helps in building an environment of trust among all learners. This also helps in peer learning as works produced by classmates is visible to all. It also leads to conceptual clarity of literary theories:
· Here are some of the sample blogs of students reflection on their learning
· Here are some of the sample blogs on students assignments on their learning
· We have used Google Site to share additional resources, question banks, core content with students
· Please have a look at the website: http://dilipbarad.blogspot.in/2013/01/ma-english-study-material-reading.html
· Quite often Hotpotatoes suit is used to develop interactive quiz.
· The sample can be viewed here: https://sites.google.com/site/dilipbaraddilipbarad/
· We experimented with this software and used it effectively for Listening and Speaking skills.
· Here is a presentation on it: http://dilipbarad.blogspot.in/2009/01/audacity-and-elt-enhancing-listening-n.html
· Here is article on it: http://eltweekly.com/2009/07/eltweekly-issue27-research-paper-pedagogical-issues-related-to-speaking-and-listening-skills-sound-editing-software-audacity/
· We used to use wikieducator for collaboration and content sharing
· http://wikieducator.org/Dilipbarad: This is user page of Dilip Barad
· http://wikieducator.org/Aristotle's_Poetics: Here is content sharing page.
· For unit end online quiz, we use Google Form. To auto-generate result, we run Flubaroo script. It also helps in sending emails to students with their grades and correct/incorrect itemized analyses.
· Here are some of the sample presentations by students:
· We have successfully experimented with Flipped Learning also. Check this link: https://sites.google.com/site/flippedlearninggtu/think
· We have also started using http://ed.ted.com/ platform for online learning. Have a look at one of the lessons uploaded by us: http://ed.ted.com/on/HILJky5n
· More lessons are in pipe line. We have prepared several such small learning videos. Have a look at playlist on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5C6B835309FB9771
· All these short videos are going to be on ed.ted.com
· It is usual practice that teaching is followed by Online Tests to check the progress of the learners.
· Google Form, Hotpotatoes and Flubaroo script are used for the test and autograding.
· Here are some of the links of such online tests:
· Online Rubric for the evaluation of Oral Presentaiton:
· Online Rubric for the evaluation of Written Assignments:
· Online Rubric for the Review of Language Lab software (Language Lab is one module in the course of ELT and Technology)
· Online Rubric for the evaluation of Digital Portfolio
· The real mark of integration of technology in education system is not measured on the grounds of what and how of technology used by ‘teacher’. Rather, it is ‘what students do with technology’ that matters more. The involvement of students in the use of technology in their learning process is very vital. Here, we can see what and how students of last five batches (from 2010 to 2016) have used technology: http://dilipbarad.blogspot.in/2012/04/project-blended-learning-2012.html
· Many of the above given links also stand in support of involvement of student in the integration of technology. As it is well said that – Until and unless, students do not respond through technology, it is not integration of technology in learning process. It may be ‘use’ of technology by teacher, but cannot be considered as ‘integration’ of technology.’ All the above given links stand in support of how technology is integral part of learning process at Department of English, M.K. Bhavnagar University.
One of the best way to evaluate reaction of students is to compare their performance in ‘real-life’ examinations conducted by University. I mean, rather than going for traditional ‘pre-test, post-test’ analyses of target groups, if we compare their performance in real examinations conducted by University as independent body, we can get real picture of students performance. Well, the students never or rarely used technology at Under Graduate (B.A.) level. They extensively integrated technology at Post Graduate (M.A.) level. These charts displays that almost all students improved their performance in terms of percentage in University exam.
Figure 3: Batch 2010-12 Comparative Chart
Figure 4: Batch 2012-14: Comparative Chart
· Click here to see more such charts of other batches: http://dilipbarad.blogspot.in/2012/04/project-blended-learning-2012.html
· By and large, students have responded positively.
o Students’ response to Blended Learning: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11EwOQUpgvm5Ca-R8efz97HGeeXgudaMIgZTVteOC3QA/viewanalytics
o Students’ response to use of Audio-Visual materials with traditional teaching: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1Kq3Sz7C99Y2LjwAg5i7n-IlwWtC68sdHYqlBcaeyaWw/viewanalytics
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