Monday, 19 September 2016

Existentialism: Video Resources

Existentialism: Learn to think and 'be' an Existentialist

This blog contains two web resources and nine short video to learn the fundamentals of Existentialist philosophy (apart from additional reading resources for deeper understanding).

1) Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existencefreedom and choice. It is the view that humans define their own meaning in life, and try to make rational decisions despite existing in an irrational universe. It focuses on the question of human existence, and the feeling that there is no purpose or explanation at the core of existence. It holds that, as there is no God or any other transcendent force, the only way to counter this nothingness (and hence to find meaning in life) is by embracing existence.
Thus, Existentialism believes that individuals are entirely free and must take personal responsibility for themselves (although with this responsibility comes angst, a profound anguish or dread). It therefore emphasizes actionfreedom and decision as fundamental, and holds that the only way to rise above the essentially absurd condition of humanity (which is characterized bysuffering and inevitable death) is by exercising our personal freedom and choice (a complete rejection of Determinism) (The Basics of Philosophy) (Click here to read full article)


2) Existentialism is a catch-all term for those philosophers who consider the nature of the human condition as a key philosophical problem and who share the view that this problem is best addressed through ontology. This very broad definition will be clarified by discussing seven key themes that existentialist thinkers address, i.e. 
a.                   Philosophy as a Way of Lifeb.                  Anxiety and Authenticityc.                   Freedom
d.                  Situatednesse.                   Existencef.                   Irrationality/Absurdity g.                  The Crowd

  1. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  2. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  3. Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  4. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  5. Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  6. Albert Camus (1913-1960) as an Existentialist Philosopher
(Click on the themes or names to read the article by Douglas Burnham)
Apart from the philosopher mentioned above, the contribution of Hegel, Dostoevsky, Husserl and Samuel Beckett is significant in the 'Existenlialism'.

Video 1: What is Existentialism?

Video 2: The Myth of Sisyphus: The Absurd Reasoning (Feeling of the Absurd)

Video 3: The Myth of Sisyphus: the notion of philosophical suicide

Video 4: Dadaism, Nihilism and Existentialism

Video 5: Existentialism - a gloomy philosophy

Video 6: Existentialism and Nihilism: Is it one and the same?

Video 7: Let us introduce Existentialism again!

If you still find it difficult to understand this philosophy, view this video:

Video 8: Explain like I'm Five: Existentialism and Nietzsche:

Video 9: Why I like Existentialism? Eric Dodson

Video 10: Let us sum up: From Essentialism to Existentialism

Additional reading resources:

If you want to read more about
  1. What is Existentialism?

    o   Read Existentialism (Burnham and Papandreopoulos)  
    o   Read Existentialism (C. Wikipedia, Existentialism)
  2. What is the theme of The Myth of Sisyphus?

    o   Read The Myth of Sisyphus. Translated from the French by Justin O'Brien, 1955 (Camus)

  3. Do you agree that Existentialism is Humanism?

    o   Read brief note on Existentialism is Humanism (C. Wikipedia, Existentialism and Humanism)

  4. What is Übermensch?

    o   Nietzsche had his character Zarathustra posit the Übermensch as a goal for humanity to set for itself in his 1883 book Thus Spoke Zarathustra
    o   Read brief on Übermensch(C. Wikipedia, Ubermensch)


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  4. The videoes in blog are about existentialism so they shere some common idea about the individuality, passion, freedom, person's own ideology etc. Apart from this they also talk about the existentialist like, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Camus. Apart from this there are some different ideas also we found in this video.

    From this videoes I like following thought,

    Video 1 : Existentialism is about the individuality, passion and freedom.

    Video 2 : From this video I like the thought about Absurd reasonings and idea of philosophical suicide.

    Video 3 : In this video it talk about the Absurd mind and say for Absurd mind there is nothing beyond reason. I like this idea.

    Video 4 : From this video I like the idea of dadaism and it's quest for change. And also the Nietzsche's discription about the movement.

    Video 5 : From this video I like the idea of truth which is true for once self.

    Video 7 : From this video I like the idea that to view as Existentialism not as philosophical system but to see it as philosophical movement.

    Video 8: from this video I like the idea that how this difficult term can be explain by simple example of cleaning of room.

    Video 9: From this video I like the idea that how Existentialism can not only applies to our mind but how it applies to heart also.

    Video 10 : From this video I like the idea of difference between essentialism and Existentialism and idea that we have no actual predetermined purpose.

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  24. I like the video - 8
    It is easy to understand existentialism this way. And in the video -2,3 are also interested. I like to know about the life, value, freedom and death. Suicide is one of the think which we can research on that. Thank you to sit for this video and blog.

  25. It is very difficult to select only one thought as all terms are interconnected and extend existentialism movement further.

    By most people it is assumed that "existentailism is connected with nihilism" but it isn't so. Nihilism emerged as a response to World WarI and Existentailism to World WarII. The former(absurdism/nihilism) is related with passivity and the latter has connection with self-questioning, through absurdism how to seek meaning in life and that was the movement made prominent after second world war in 20th century.

    The thoughts, I liked the most...

    Video:1- Believing in God is considered as philosophical suicide.
    Video:2- Suicide is an individual act(Albert Camus).
    Video:3- Failure reveals the existence of transcendence.
    Video:4- Dadaism is the quest for change, questions the value of creation(Though an idea in it's working manner, but as a process of carrying on I found it interesting).
    Video:5- All suicides have the responsibility of fighting against the temptation of suicide, entails rebellion.

    All the videos are presented very well with associated infographics, so the content also seems feasible and transperant to understand and to make mind familiar with.

    Though we were introduced to Existentialism by the novel called 'the plague' by Albert Camus and through one of the tasks assigned by Heena Ma'am, this task as affiliated with flipped learning classroom gave an effective impression of learning. In this flip learning network site, we were introduced with various video resources, some printed material in form of articles and blogs. Where we were supoose to read material resources, various video resources, required to ponder upon it and accordingly were about to present our reflections on this very learning process through questioning, which we were suppose to place in Google classroom(as a class comment) and then those questions were discussed online, in one of the google meet classes.

    As the learning process was such, where the confusion was, about existentialism was made clear and we got to know that existentialism doesn't have any limitations, but it keeps on changing at different time and at different space and so we have different writers presenting their thoughts on existentialism as a school of thoughts and we see a vast variety in all these thoughts. In the first pioneer Kierkegaard, Heideggar, Husserl, Descartes etc.

    Thank you Dilip Sir!

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