Monday, 19 September 2016

Existentialism: Video Resources

Existentialism: Learn to think and 'be' an Existentialist

This blog contains two web resources and nine short video to learn the fundamentals of Existentialist philosophy (apart from additional reading resources for deeper understanding).

1) Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existencefreedom and choice. It is the view that humans define their own meaning in life, and try to make rational decisions despite existing in an irrational universe. It focuses on the question of human existence, and the feeling that there is no purpose or explanation at the core of existence. It holds that, as there is no God or any other transcendent force, the only way to counter this nothingness (and hence to find meaning in life) is by embracing existence.
Thus, Existentialism believes that individuals are entirely free and must take personal responsibility for themselves (although with this responsibility comes angst, a profound anguish or dread). It therefore emphasizes actionfreedom and decision as fundamental, and holds that the only way to rise above the essentially absurd condition of humanity (which is characterized bysuffering and inevitable death) is by exercising our personal freedom and choice (a complete rejection of Determinism) (The Basics of Philosophy) (Click here to read full article)


Existentialism

2) Existentialism is a catch-all term for those philosophers who consider the nature of the human condition as a key philosophical problem and who share the view that this problem is best addressed through ontology. This very broad definition will be clarified by discussing seven key themes that existentialist thinkers address, i.e. 
a.                   Philosophy as a Way of Lifeb.                  Anxiety and Authenticityc.                   Freedom
d.                  Situatednesse.                   Existencef.                   Irrationality/Absurdity g.                  The Crowd

  1. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  2. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  3. Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  4. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  5. Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986) as an Existentialist Philosopher
  6. Albert Camus (1913-1960) as an Existentialist Philosopher
(Click on the themes or names to read the article by Douglas Burnham)
Apart from the philosopher mentioned above, the contribution of Hegel, Dostoevsky, Husserl and Samuel Beckett is significant in the 'Existenlialism'.




Video 1: What is Existentialism?



Video 2: The Myth of Sisyphus: The Absurd Reasoning (Feeling of the Absurd)



Video 3: The Myth of Sisyphus: the notion of philosophical suicide



Video 4: Dadaism, Nihilism and Existentialism



Video 5: Existentialism - a gloomy philosophy



Video 6: Existentialism and Nihilism: Is it one and the same?




Video 7: Let us introduce Existentialism again!



If you still find it difficult to understand this philosophy, view this video:


Video 8: Explain like I'm Five: Existentialism and Nietzsche:



Video 9: Why I like Existentialism? Eric Dodson



Video 10: Let us sum up: From Essentialism to Existentialism




Additional reading resources:

If you want to read more about
  1. What is Existentialism?

    o   Read Existentialism (Burnham and Papandreopoulos)  
    o   Read Existentialism (C. Wikipedia, Existentialism)
  2. What is the theme of The Myth of Sisyphus?


    o   Read The Myth of Sisyphus. Translated from the French by Justin O'Brien, 1955 (Camus)

  3. Do you agree that Existentialism is Humanism?



    o   Read brief note on Existentialism is Humanism (C. Wikipedia, Existentialism and Humanism)

  4. What is Übermensch?

    o   Nietzsche had his character Zarathustra posit the Übermensch as a goal for humanity to set for itself in his 1883 book Thus Spoke Zarathustra
    o   Read brief on Übermensch(C. Wikipedia, Ubermensch)

Simple explanation by Suman Shah in Gujarati language

39 comments:

  1. Respected sir, here is my answer attached with the link

    https://abulabedi1719.blogspot.com/2018/10/existentialism.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  2. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer with this attached link
    https://mahirpari.blogspot.com/2018/10/thinking-activity-on-existentialism.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  3. Respected sir here is my Response..
    https://bhavneshmahyavanshi201820.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism-videos.html

    ReplyDelete
  4. The videoes in blog are about existentialism so they shere some common idea about the individuality, passion, freedom, person's own ideology etc. Apart from this they also talk about the existentialist like, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Camus. Apart from this there are some different ideas also we found in this video.

    From this videoes I like following thought,

    Video 1 : Existentialism is about the individuality, passion and freedom.

    Video 2 : From this video I like the thought about Absurd reasonings and idea of philosophical suicide.

    Video 3 : In this video it talk about the Absurd mind and say for Absurd mind there is nothing beyond reason. I like this idea.

    Video 4 : From this video I like the idea of dadaism and it's quest for change. And also the Nietzsche's discription about the movement.

    Video 5 : From this video I like the idea of truth which is true for once self.

    Video 7 : From this video I like the idea that to view as Existentialism not as philosophical system but to see it as philosophical movement.

    Video 8: from this video I like the idea that how this difficult term can be explain by simple example of cleaning of room.

    Video 9: From this video I like the idea that how Existentialism can not only applies to our mind but how it applies to heart also.

    Video 10 : From this video I like the idea of difference between essentialism and Existentialism and idea that we have no actual predetermined purpose.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Respected sir,

    Here is my task attached with this link

    https://laljibaraiya225.blogspot.com/2019/09/flipped-learning-existentialism.html

    ReplyDelete
  6. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with link

    https://minkalitaliya.blogspot.com/2019/09/thinking-activity-on-existentialism_2.html

    ReplyDelete
  7. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with link
    https://dhavalddiyora.blogspot.com/2019/09/thinking-activity-on-existentialism.html

    ReplyDelete
  8. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with this link
    https://chauhanurvashi.blogspot.com/2019/09/flipped-learning-existentialism.html

    ReplyDelete
  9. https://nasimgaha.blogspot.com/2019/09/thinking-activity-on-existentialism.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  10. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Respected sir, here is my blog like
    https://ruchitakankrecha201820.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism-video-resources.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  12. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with this link

    https://diptigohil.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism-video-understanding.html

    ReplyDelete
  13. Respected sir,
    Here is mu answer attached with this below link...

    https://vidhyapandya.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  14. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with this below link...

    https://vidhyapandya.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  15. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  16. Respected sir,here is my response with attached this link;
    https://divyavaghela201820.blogspot.com/2019/09/thinking-activity-on-existentialism.html

    ReplyDelete
  17. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with this link,
    https://avnidave201820.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  18. https://prinjalshiyal.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism-flipped-learning.html

    ReplyDelete
  19. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer this link
    https://mansiupadhyay201820.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism-video-review.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  20. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer this link,
    https://mansiupadhyay201820.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism-video-review.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  21. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with this linkhttps://jyotibagohil08.blogspot.com/2019/09/ideas-about-existentialism.html?m=1

    ReplyDelete
  22. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with this link:-
    https://rajdipgohel201820.blogspot.com/2019/09/ex
    istantiaim-thought.html?

    ReplyDelete
  23. Respected sir,
    Here is my answer attached with the link:
    https://vishvagajjar201820.blogspot.com/2019/09/existentialism-video-resources.html

    ReplyDelete
  24. I like the video - 8
    It is easy to understand existentialism this way. And in the video -2,3 are also interested. I like to know about the life, value, freedom and death. Suicide is one of the think which we can research on that. Thank you to sit for this video and blog.

    ReplyDelete
  25. It is very difficult to select only one thought as all terms are interconnected and extend existentialism movement further.

    By most people it is assumed that "existentailism is connected with nihilism" but it isn't so. Nihilism emerged as a response to World WarI and Existentailism to World WarII. The former(absurdism/nihilism) is related with passivity and the latter has connection with self-questioning, through absurdism how to seek meaning in life and that was the movement made prominent after second world war in 20th century.

    The thoughts, I liked the most...

    Video:1- Believing in God is considered as philosophical suicide.
    Video:2- Suicide is an individual act(Albert Camus).
    Video:3- Failure reveals the existence of transcendence.
    Video:4- Dadaism is the quest for change, questions the value of creation(Though an idea in it's working manner, but as a process of carrying on I found it interesting).
    Video:5- All suicides have the responsibility of fighting against the temptation of suicide, entails rebellion.

    All the videos are presented very well with associated infographics, so the content also seems feasible and transperant to understand and to make mind familiar with.

    Though we were introduced to Existentialism by the novel called 'the plague' by Albert Camus and through one of the tasks assigned by Heena Ma'am, this task as affiliated with flipped learning classroom gave an effective impression of learning. In this flip learning network site, we were introduced with various video resources, some printed material in form of articles and blogs. Where we were supoose to read material resources, various video resources, required to ponder upon it and accordingly were about to present our reflections on this very learning process through questioning, which we were suppose to place in Google classroom(as a class comment) and then those questions were discussed online, in one of the google meet classes.

    As the learning process was such, where the confusion was, about existentialism was made clear and we got to know that existentialism doesn't have any limitations, but it keeps on changing at different time and at different space and so we have different writers presenting their thoughts on existentialism as a school of thoughts and we see a vast variety in all these thoughts. In the first pioneer Kierkegaard, Heideggar, Husserl, Descartes etc.


    Thank you Dilip Sir!

    ReplyDelete
  26. Hello sir !

    Here is my response...

    https://ravinaparmaar.blogspot.com/2020/11/existentialism-flipped-learning.html

    ReplyDelete
  27. Respected Sir,

    As part of this task, the blog link is pasted below.

    Please have a look: https://samiyakagdi313.blogspot.com/2020/11/flipped-learning-existentialism.html

    ReplyDelete
  28. Thoughts which I like the most from each video:

    Video 1. “Believing in God you’ve taken the easy way out”

    Video 2. “There is but one truly serious philosophical problem and that is suicide.”

    Video 3. “Reason is useless and there is nothing beyond reason.”

    Video 4. “I don’t want words that other people have invented.”

    Video 5. “All suicides have the responsibility of fighting against the temptation of suicide, entails rebellion.”

    Video 6. “Nihilism means that highest values devalued themselves”

    Video 7. “human, all too human.”

    Video 9. “The universe is attempting to become conscious of itself… through us…

    Video 10. “A certain set of core properties that are necessary or essential for a thing to be what it is.”

    • Video I like the most and why?

    The second video I like the most because it has something interesting and it has detailed information about Myth of Sisyphus. Camus being this essay with unusual start:

    "There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide."
    -Albert Camus

    In the beginning he talks about the suicide and its very horrible still very important topic.

    In a way all are Sisyphus we are doing what is meaningless and especially During this pandemic time.
    We have no hope everyday lots of people being victim of corona. So, with this reference I like the most second video.

    Thank You.

    ReplyDelete
  29. And yes this flipped learning process is very useful and unique. It gives me new kind of idea. It increases my knowledge of existentialism. I am able to write/ speaks about this theory. The idea of flipped learning is very helpful and creative.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Respected sir! After watching all videos about Existentialism I am impressed by these thoughts;


    Video:1- “Believing in God is considered as philosophical suicide.”
    Video:2-”Suicide is an individual act(Albert Camus).”
    Video:3- “Failure reveals the existence of transcendence.”
    Video:4-. “I don’t want words that other people have invented.”
    Video:5- “Become who you are”
    Video 6. “Nihilism means that highest values devalued themselves”
    Video 7. “human, all too human.”
    VIdeo-8.
    Video 9. “The universe is attempting to become conscious of itself… through us…
    Video 10. “A certain set of core properties that are necessary or essential for a thing to be what it is.


    #Video I liked the most

    VIdeo-8
    A video titled, 'teach me like I'm five' In this video the teachers are teaching their students about what is Existentialism and Nietzsche. The result is that the child who know the meaning of Existentialism might be grown more liberal and might understand the real existence of their life.


    #learning outcome

    I've learnt the topic of existentialism in a very easy way. I learnt that Existentialism and Nihilism are different from one another. Absurdity has much to do with existentialism.

    It is believed that Jean Paul Sartre is the pioneer of this philosophical movement, Existentialism. But actually, before Sartre, Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche and Martin Heidegger were the pioneers of this movement. But due to his seminal 1946 work “Existentialism is a Humanism”, Sartre got prominence in this movement.


    ReplyDelete
  31. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  32. #Video I liked the most..

    Video:8

    "Explain like I'm five: Existentialism and Nietzsche that human being have the power of everything it means human being can make their own rules and be a superman and he/she can do whatever they want. And also they win every time. They always keep that what they want.They have not any kind of pressure, rules and regulation also. That's why i like...


    ReplyDelete
  33. #learning Outcome:

    Flipped learning is best to learn from anywhere, I like it most because it provides us content with appropriate pictures and signs so it would easy to understand the content. Flipped learning also very beneficial for four basic skill LSRW, through this learning we can improve our listening skill from native speaker and also we can improve our memory to remember the speakers words and note down. And also we can learn how to pronounce spells. At last, I can say that we can learn from anywhere in our time through flipped learning.

    ReplyDelete
  34. Respected sir here is my answers:-
    Here are some thoughts which I like in this 10 vidios:-
    Vidio:1 if you believe in God you have taken the easy way out for Kammo.
    Vidio:2:- Camus says that " Suicide is an individual act".
    Vidio:3 Kierkegaard says that" faith is solution of to the absurd.
    Vidio:4 Nietzsche says that"Whom do they hate most?him who breaks up thier tables of values, the breaker, the lowbrecker,he however is the creation.
    Vidio:5" Become who you are”
    Video: 6. “Nihilism means that highest values devalued themselves”
    Vidio:7 “human, all too human.”
    Vidio:8:- they are making up the rules and that existentialism.
    Vidio:9 love and compassion are necesaties, not luxury.without them humanity cannot survive._Dalai Lama
    Vidio:10 world was not created for as reason and it doesn't exit for a reason.

    Video I liked the most:-
    I like the most 9 vidio because it's help to me think differently towards the my life. I find that one statment by Dalai Lama in this vidio that "love and compassion are necesaties, not luxury.without them humanity cannot survive." And really agree with that. It help to me think about my life very deeply and live a life with reality. Normally we not think about our life deeply and take decision on others people's statements. So this vidio leads to me to the refreshments.

    Learning outcome:
    It is quite good experience because we always learnt to the persons and follow their instructions. But in flipped learning we learn from own self. And try to understand the things from the own self. And yes Because we have to ask a pertinent question. And asking pertinent questions isn't an easy thing. So we have to first of all understand what was the concept of Existentialism and its various aspects. Through watching videos it gives us interesting ideas about the topic of existentialism. Then we read a material that is shared by sir. Without reading the watching videos that is not significant. I learnt one thing that how to ask effective questions.
    After watching this video I find the real meaning and understanding about existentialism in very deep way.
    And also one thing is good about this flipped learning is that we know how own self we learning the things and understanding. And also it's creat questions. So it's good experience for me.

    ReplyDelete
  35. Respected sir, after watching all videos I'm imoreimprby these thoughts


    Video 1 "Philosophic things in existence begin within the thinking subject namely the individual."

    Video 2 "We are concern here are flights with the relationship; it's been individual thoughts and prepared within silence of heart, as is a great work of art."
    -Camus

    Video 3 "Reason is useless and there is nothing beyond reason in absurdity."

    "Faith is the objective uncertainty with the repulsion of the absurd."

    Video 4 "The absurd doesn't frighten me, because from a more elevated point of view, i consider everything in life to be absurd."

    Video 5 "It is you who judge every value and choose your own meaning in life and once you are done that you should take responsibility for the choice you made and accept the consequences of that."

    Video 6 "At twenty we rage against the heavens and the filth they hid, then we grow. Tired of it. The tragic attitude suits only an extended and ridiculous puberty."
    -Soren Kjerkegor

    Video 7 "Human, all too human"

    "Religious and philological systems which offer such definitive answers to life's questions. Have been very attractive throughout history."

    Video 8 "Make your own rules."

    "Do whatever you want."

    Video 9 "Existential things much more straightforward than average about many aspects of life."

    "Love and compassion are necessities not luxuries without them humanity cannot survive."

    Video 10 "You have to recognize your life has been given to it by you."


    ◆Video i like the most:-

    I like video number five(5) the most. In video number five I'm very much influenced by one thought of this video is that,

    It is you who judge every value and choose your own meaning in life and once you are done that you should take responsibility for the choice you made and accept the consequences of that.

    Here we can see that all situations depend on our decision. Once we take the decision the outcome is also acceptable by us, it's necessary. When we judge any value and choose any meaning of life we should take responsibility for the choice which we made.


    ◆Learning outcome :-

    After watching all these videos the concept of existentialism is clear in my mind. Before I didn't have much idea about existentialism, but after reading and watching I got an idea about existentialism. I also understand about the absurdity.


    Respected sir,
    Here I'm sharing my blog link also


    Existentialism

    ReplyDelete